Medical Abbreviations


Abbreviation Meaning
ABG arterial blood gas
A&E accident and emergency department
AC ante cibum (before food)
ADR adverse drug reaction
AE air entry
AF anterior fontanelle
AMT abbreviated mental test
AP anteroposterior
APC argon plasma coagulation
ATSP asked to see patient
AVPU alert, verbal,pain, unresponsive
AXR abdominal X-ray
BD bis die (twice daily)
BIBA brought in by ambulance
BiBPAP bilevel positive airways pressure
BMI Body Mass Index
BNO bowels not opened
BO bowels opened
BP blood pressure
BS bowel sounds; breath sounds
Bx biopsies
CA cancer
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAPD chronic (or continuous) ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAT computerized (axial) tomography
CBT cognitive behavioural therapy
CCF congestive cardiac failure
CFA/UIP cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis/usual interstitial pneumonitis
CI contraindication
CKD chronic kidney disease
CN cranial nerves
CNS central nervous system
C/O complaining of
COC(P) combined oral contraceptive (pill)
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airways pressure
CRT cardiac re-synchronization therapy
CSU cathether stream urine
CT computrized tomography
CTPA computerized tomographic pulmonary angiogram
CVS cardiovascular system
CVVH continuous venovenous haemofiltration
CXR chest X-ray
D&V diarrhoea and vomiting
DCBE double-contrast barium enema
Ddx differential diagnosis
DH drug history
DIB difficulty in breathing
DIPJ distal interphalangeal joint
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DNA did not attend
DM diabetes mellitus
DN district nurse
DPH Director of Public Health
Dx diagnosis
E&D eating and drinking
EBM expressing breast milk
ECG electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
ED emergency department
EDD estimated date of delivery
EEG electroencephalogram
EF ejection fraction
EF ejection fraction
eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate
ENT ear, nose, and throat
EPAU early pregnancy assessment unit
EPS electrophysiological study
ESM ejection systolic murmur
ESRF end stage renal failure
ETOH ethanol/alcohol
ETT exercise tolerance test
EUA examination under anaesthesia
EUM examination under microscope